MORE LINKS
PHOENICIAN LINKS
Articles and Information
1200 BC History and Culture Article http://www.lebanon2000.com/ph.htm

The Ancient people of Lebanon http://www.lgic.org/en/phoenicians.php

America : Did The Phoenicians Discover America?

America : Phoenicians Discovery Of America - More Evidence

A Brief History
 http://www.sarissa.org/phoen.html

Ancient Greek Civilizations
http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/aegean/theculturesofgreece/phoenician.
html

Ancient Phoenicia  http://ancientneareast.tripod.com/Phoenicia.html

Black Athena Debate.  Was wester civilization founded by ancient Phoenicians.
http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/newsbytes/lefko.html

Britannica.com http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=61262

Ethnic Origin, Language and Literature of the Phoenicians
http://www.phoenicia.org/ethnlang.html

Facts  http://economics.csusb.edu/econ510/8intern/tsld012.htm

History and culture of the Canaanites and Phoenicians
http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Lofts/2938/histcult.html

History and Religion (Phoenicians developed commerce)
http://www.ipgroup.com/sadigh/phoe.htm

La Palma: http://www.ing.iaces/PR/lapalma/history.html

Lebanese contributions to the world www.nala.com/lebanon/PHO-LEB1.html

Lebanese Phoenicians, The www.great-lebanon.org/phoenicians.html

Lebanon’s History http://www.rimbaud.freeserve.co.uk/lebanon_phonecia.htm

http://wwwmountlebanon.org/phoelebcontributions.html

Phoenician Alphabet  www.imultimedia.pt/museuvirtpress/ing/alfa/a3.html

Phoenician Alphabet Family Tree  http://www.phoenicia.org/alphabet.html

Phoenician and Greek colonies (Map)
http://www.libyana.org/maps/atlas/3-phngrk.htm

Phoenicians and Philistines
http://www.standard.net.au/~covenant/studies/peoples/peoples.html

Phoenician Archeology  www.angelfire.com/yt/ELIPOLDARIARCHAEO/

Phoenician Art  http://infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0838840.html

Phoenician Beirut  http://lebanon.com/construction/beirut/phoenician.htm

Phoenician Christians  www.phoenicia.org/xtian.html

Phoenician Colonies  www.phoenicia.org/colonies.html

Phoenicia (Encyclopedia)  http://i-cias.com/e.o/phoenicia.htm

A Phoenician Fable  http://www.terravista.pt/mussulo/2386/corvo.html

Phoenician island  http://www.alovelyworld.com/webliban/htmgb/liban013.htm

A Phoenician Ship  http://www.bible-history.com/past/phoenician_ships.html

Phoenician religion  http://phoenicia.org/xristrelhtml

Phoenician Women
http://foucault.info/documents/parrhesia/Lecture-03/02.phaenicianwomen.html

Popes of Lebanese Phoenician origin
www.opuslibani.org.lb/lebanon/dos018.html

Semitic Languages (and the Phoenician language)
http://www.phoenicia.org/semlang.html

The Phoenicians (1200 B.C.)  www.lebanon2000.com/ph.htm

The Phoenicians:
www.cedarseed.com/phoenicians.html

Trade - Phoenician
http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~catshaman/09handman/0cadmushtm
http://civilization/middle_east_civilizations/phoenicians/phoenicians.htm
http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~catshaman/09handnian/ocadmus.htm
http://www.hixenbaugh.net/hixenbaugh_ancient_art_website_004.html
Other related Links:

Lebanese Cities
www.middleeast.com/byblos.htm
www.middleeast.com/tyre.htm
www.middleeast.com/sidon.htm
www.middleeast.com/beirut.htm
City profiles delve into the
history of early Phoenician
centers in the Levant, giving a
brief background on each
followed by sections on
archaeological finds, the city
today, and what to visit there.
Photographs illustrate each
section.
Library of Congress Country
Study: Lebanon
www.countrystudies.us/lebanon
Tour this exhaustive,
well-researched website
offering links to chapters on
Lebanese history (starting with
the Phoenicians), society,
economy, and government.
Sidon Excavation
www.sidonexcavation.org/ht/ht_
sidon.html
Claude Doumet-Serhal's
research is part of the British
Museum's excavation in Sidon.
The excavation is also
sponsored by the British
Academy, Council for British
Research in the Levant,
private Lebanese institutions,
the Hariri Foundation, and
Byblos Bank. This website
introduces the dig along with
major points in Sidon's history.
Canaan and Ancient Israel
www.museum.upenn.edu/Canaa
n/Phoenicians.html
The University of
Pennsylvania's Museum of
Archaeology and Anthropology
has put together this
interesting website covering
the history of the Canaanites,
including the coastal
Phoenicians. Sections include
labor and crafts, trade, and
BOOKS

Biblical lands
by Moorey, P. R. S.

Kition, Mycenaean
and Phoenician
by Karageorghis,
Vassos

Frühe Phöniker im
Libanon : 20 Jahre
deutsche
Ausgrabungen in
Kamid el-Loz
(more
books like this)  by
Hachmann, Rolf

Lebanon and
Phoenicia:
Ancient
Texts Illustrating
Their Physical
Geography and
Native Industries
by Brown, John
Pairman

L'épopée des
Phéniciens.
by Moscati,
Sabatino

I Fenici
by Moscati,
Sabatino

Il mondo dei fenici
by Moscati,
Sabatino

Phoenicians
by Markoe, Glenn
One of the great
enigmas of the
ancient world, the
Phoenicians were both
lauded and despised in
antiquity. They were
celebrated as learned
scribes who passed on
the modern alphabet,
as skilled seafarers
and explorers, and as
gifted artisans and
engineers. Historical
sources show they
were also perceived as
unscrupulous
profiteers and
cheaters, and...

The Phoenicians
by Harden, D. B.

The Phoenicians
by Massa, Aldo,
and Macrae, David

The Phoenicians
by Odijk, Pamela
Discusses the
civilization of the
Phoenicians, including
the hunting, medicine,
clothing, religion,
laws, legends, and
recreation.

The Phoenicians
by Moscati,
Sabatino (Editor)
Traces the rise and
fall, art, customs,
trade, exploration,
and legacy of this
fascinating culture.
Phoenicia and
Carthage:
A
Thousand Years to
Oblivion
by Gregorian,
Vartan, and
Bullitt, Orville H.
More Books
Phoenicians and the West:
Politics, Colonies and Trade
by Aubet, Maria Eugenia
Between the eighth and sixth
centuries BC, the Phoenicians
established the first trading
system in the Mediterranean
basin, from their homeland, in
what is now Lebanon, to
colonies in Cyprus, Tunisia,
Sicily, Sardinia and southern
Spain. The Phoenician state was
able to maintain its
independence, despite the
territorial expansion of the
Assyrians,...

The Phoenicians : the Purple
Empire of the ancient world
by Herm, Gerhard

The Sea Traders
by Edey, Maitland A.

Spain at the Dawn of History:
Iberians, Phoenicians, and
Greeks (more books like this)
by Harrison, Richard J.

The world of the Phoenicians
by Moscati, Sabatino

Phoenicians
By Standford Holst
Articles:

Aubet, Maria Eugenia. The Phoenicians and the West: Politics, Colonies, and Trade.  2nd ed. Cambridge University
Press, 2001.

Edey, Maitland A. The Sea Traders. Time Inc., 1974.

Markoe, Glenn E. Peoples of the Past: Phoenicians. University of California Press, 2002.

Moscati, Sabatino, ed. The Phoenicians. I. B. Tauris, 2001.

Moscati, Sabatino. The World of the Phoenicians. Orion Books Ltd., 1999.  (Orig. by Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd.
1968.)

Wells, Spencer. The Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey. Princeton University Press,  2002.

"Off Israel, a Mystery Ship From 400 B.C." National Geographic (April 1993).

Matthews, Samuel W. "The Phoenicians, Sea Lords of Antiquity." National Geographic (August 1974), 149-89.

Abercrombie, Thomas J. "Young-old Lebanon Lives by Trade: The Land of Cedars, Phoenician Sea Cities, and
Crusader Castles Thrives Again as Middleman of the Mediterranean." National Geographic (April 1958), 479-523.

New clues from ancient bones and modern blood—scientists are searching for genetic connections between
contemporary Lebanese men and ancient Phoenicians. What other cultural mysteries would you like to see solved
through DNA studies?

Library of Congress Country Study: Lebanon
www.countrystudies.us/lebanon
Tour this exhaustive, well-researched website offering links to chapters on Lebanese history (starting with the
Phoenicians), society, economy, and government.

Cedarland
www.cedarland.org
This overtly patriotic Lebanese site offers readable sections on the history of Lebanon, Phoenicians, the Crusades,
Maronites, monuments, saints, Lebanese cuisine, and more.

Encyclopedia Phoeniciana
www.phoenicia.org
This site bills itself as "the largest web compilation and repository of studies about the origin, history, geography,
religion, arts, crafts, trade, industry, climate, mythology, language, literature, music, politics, wars, archaeology,
and culture of the Canaanite Phoenicians." The information here is a collection of views that provide juicy tidbits to
whet your interest in the Phoenicians.
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